Extraordinary Ministers of Holy Communion is the official title (not “Special Ministers” or “Eucharistic Ministers”) for those who assist with the distribution of Holy Communion, both within Mass, and to the sick and home-bound. The Ordinary Minister of the Eucharist is the Bishop, or Priest. The Ordinary Minister of Communion is the Deacon. Lay persons who help with distributing Holy Communion are called Extraordinary Ministers. They are to be employed only in cases of grave necessity.
Since they are visible in the sanctuary, and represent the parish in their ministry, they ought to dress modestly and their manner of life ought to be in keeping with their sacred duties. Their ministry extends beyond the sanctuary, and necessarily includes personal reflection on the mysteries of the Eucharist, a deep prayer life, continual respect for the Eucharist, and the cultivation of Christian values.